Copper IUD Side Effects The common side effects of a copper IUD include pain and heavy bleeding.

According to the Mayo Clinic, the side effects of a copper IUD include:

  • Menstrual pain and heavy bleeding
  • Spotting between periods
  • Cramps

More rare side effects can be even more severe. Women are filing lawsuits against Teva Pharmaceuticals, which makes the copper IUD Paragard. They allege that the device broke inside their uterus, requiring surgery, and moved from the uterus, perforating organs.

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What are the Possible Side Effects of a Paragard IUD?

Even though the copper IUD has been deemed safe for women of any childbearing age to prevent pregnancy, you may experience adverse side effects. Mild side effects include spotting and temporary pain after insertion. Moderate side effects like cramping and heavy periods can persist for three to six months.

More severe side effects can include:

  • Expulsion
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

You may need to speak with your doctor about the different forms of birth control to decide which one is right for you. You may decide that the benefits of a copper IUD outweigh the potential negatives, but you should know all the risks before making a decision.

Any one of these side effects could be severe if left untreated. If over-the-counter pain medication doesn’t ease your symptoms, you might be experiencing a serious condition.


Your Paragard IUD could expel from your uterus. You might not feel it if expulsion occurs. This is troubling because partial expulsion of an IUD will disrupt its effectiveness in preventing pregnancy. You’re more likely to experience IUD expulsion if you have never been pregnant or if you had your IUD inserted immediately after giving birth.

Follow up with your doctor if you can’t check your IUD’s placement by feeling the string. Failing to do so could result in an unwanted pregnancy.

Ectopic Pregnancy

Though rare, it’s still possible to become pregnant with an IUD. Because IUDs are so effective at preventing pregnancies, if a pregnancy does occur, there’s a higher chance that it could develop outside the uterus. When a fertilized egg implants in a fallopian tube instead of the uterus, this is known as an ectopic pregnancy.

This rare occurrence poses serious health risks and can be life-threatening. If a fertilized egg continues to grow in the fallopian tube, it can cause it to rupture. This will likely cause heavy bleeding inside the abdomen. Symptoms include shoulder pain, fainting, and shock. Women need to seek care from an OB/GYN to reduce the risk of serious complications.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection of the female reproductive organs, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It most often occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria is left untreated and spreads from the vagina to the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries. The cervix normally creates a barrier that keeps this from happening.

Symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include abdominal pain, fever, and painful urination. If left untreated, pelvic inflammatory disease could cause scar tissue and pockets of abscesses to develop. These can cause permanent damage and infertility.

How does a Copper IUD Work?

The market is flooded with different birth control methods, but there’s very little emphasis on educating the user about the side effects of each one. One major advantage of a copper IUD is its ease of use. After a doctor implants your IUD, there’s no daily upkeep to do, and it lasts for years.

While there are multiple hormone IUD brands, there is currently only one brand of non-hormonal IUD: Paragard IUD. Similar to hormone IUDs, the copper IUD requires a doctor’s visit. An OB/GYN or a nurse practitioner can insert it. Instead of releasing hormones, the copper IUD releases trace amounts of copper which act as a spermicide. Paragard’s copper IUD is more than 99% effective.

What’s special about the copper IUD is that it offers longer protection from unwanted pregnancy. While a hormone IUD may last between three to five years, a copper IUD can last for up to 10 years.

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Is the Copper IUD Safe?

Generally, IUDs are considered to be safe. They’re especially beneficial for women discouraged from taking birth control pills because of medical conditions like high blood pressure. An IUD is also easy to remove with another’s doctor’s visit if your plans change.

Instead of hormones, the Paragard IUD releases small amounts of copper. Copper is naturally present in the body and found in foods such as grains, vegetables, fish, and nuts. The copper released by the IUD is less than the amount consumed in a typical diet. A copper IUD will not significantly increase the overall level of copper found in your body.

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Your Options if you were Injured by a Copper IUD

If you suffered an injury because your Paragard copper IUD migrated from your uterus or broke inside of you, causing injuries, our legal team can help you recover compensation, such as:

  • Corrective surgery costs
  • Hospital stay
  • Emergency medical treatment costs
  • Lost wages
  • Lost earning capacity
  • Pain and suffering
  • Mental anguish

We Can Help You Fight for Compensation

We can enter settlement negotiations with Teva Pharmaceuticals, the company that sells the copper IUD, alleging that they did not warn the public about the Paragard IUD’s breakage and movement.

If we cannot settle your case, we can explore other options for compensation, including filing a lawsuit and arguing for your case in court.

Hire an Attorney from Our Firm for Help

Handling a legal claim on your own can be difficult, especially when you are recovering from an injury. That’s why many personal injury victims choose to hire an attorney from our team to help them:

  • Investigate the cause of the injury
  • Build a case against the negligent party
  • Negotiate with all applicable parties
  • File a lawsuit
  • Represent you at trial

Call the Law Offices of Anidjar & Levine today to get Help

If you suffered an IUD injury or think your copper IUD is responsible for causing health complications, call us today at 1-800-747-3733 for a free consultation.

Our team of attorneys at the Law Offices of Anidjar & Levine will review your case and help you obtain compensation for your losses from using a copper IUD.