The types of spinal injuries are divided into two groups: complete injury and incomplete injury. A complete injury is when there is absolutely no function or sensation below the site of trauma. An incomplete injury is where there is some degree of feeling below the level of injury, and the afflicted person can perform limited movements. Incomplete injuries, also known as incomplete tetraplegia (quadriplegia), are the most common types of spinal cord injuries (SCI).
Falls and vehicular accidents are the two main causes of SCI. Without proper medical care, spinal cord injuries can lead to permanent or semi-permanent, partial, or complete paralysis.
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Injuries to the Spinal Cord
Depending on where the injury is located on the spinal cord will determine the severity of the impairments to follow. These sites can include:
- Cervical spine. These injuries affect the C1-C7 neck vertebrae. These types of injuries are among the most serious and can lead to tetraplegia/quadriplegia. It can also cause weakness in the upper and lower limbs. Depending on the level of the injury, an individual may also develop breathing difficulties.
- Lumbar spine. These types of SCI impact the lower spinal cord. Typically, an injury to the lumbar spine will cause paraplegia, although upper body function will remain unaffected. Lumbar injuries may also lead to future problems with sensory function, meaning that the patient may eventually lose their ability to feel physical sensations.
- Thoracic injuries. This refers to injuries to the 12 vertebrae in the upper chest and back. Each of these nerves performs a different function that allows movement to the chest, abdomen, hands, and fingers. Trauma to the thoracic nerves can cause paraplegia, along with incontinence.
- Sacral injuries. An injury to this region may affect movement to the hips and legs, with a notable loss of bladder and bowel control. The level of recovery will depend on the severity, injury, and wellbeing of the afflicted patient.
It is important to note that every case will be different, and not all types of spinal injuries will cause patients to lose the same level of function or achieve the same level of recovery.
Call Us Today for a Free Consultation About Your Rights to Compensation
If you or a loved one has suffered an SCI, which may have resulted through the negligence of another party, the team at the Law Offices of Anidjar & Levine can help you pursue your right to compensation. When you speak with a member of our staff, you will find out how Florida’s statute of limitations may apply to your case and learn more about what information will be necessary to file your claim.
To find out more, call the Law Offices of Anidjar & Levine at 1-800-747-3733.